Industrial Lubricants


Continuous research for deploying efficient, reliable and environmentally safe technology has led to the deployment of special lubricants in steel manufacturing process.


Collaborating with machine manufacturers, BECHEM has developed a wide range of speciality lubricants for heavy equipments and components involved in cement manufacturing process within integrated cement plants.

BECHEM’s Avantin range are the most advanced breed of metal cutting fluids.

BECHEM is a leading worldwide producer of high performance special forming fluids.

BECHEM textile lubricants have exceeded established performance standards.

BECHEM’s automotive range have proved to be reliable performance enhancers…


Pioneering the technology, BECHEM has developed a vast array of high performance lubricants for critical applications across industry segments. Equipped with state-of-the-art production units in Germany, India and China, BECHEM has the capability to supply high performance specialty lubricants across the world.

Team Of Technical Consultants

Every BECHEM Application Engineer strives to provide definite value to his/her customer’s process, be it through reduction in manufacturing costs, improving quality, extending life of the equipment, creating a healthier work space or more importantly creating awareness and promoting the environmental cause.

Our History

When young Carl Bechem (1806-1891) served his apprenticeship in a textile company in Elberfeld*, the industrial revolution in this sector was already under way.

Our Case Studies

Our products have not only performed exceptional, but also increased the life of machines and added value to clients. Find out customers’ experience with Bechem.

Speciality Lubricants

BECHEM’s comprehensive range of high performance food grade lubricants are recommended for a wide array of demanding applications.

BECHEM’s range of pastes are recommended for mechanical equipment and applications that are exposed to extreme high temperatures and pressures.

Our Anti-Friction coatings are developed with combination of high quality solid lubricants, binding agents, solvents and high performance additives.

With Barium complex soap as thickener and Polyalphaolefin (PAO) base oil, Berutox FB 22 provides superior corrosion and wear protection.

The transformation of pulp to bales of paper is an intricate mechanical and chemical process with sophisticated machines at its core.

Berulub PAL 1 is a high performance synthetic adhesive grease that is designed and recommended for heavy duty telescopic boom crane applications.

Frequently Asked Questions

Greases are made by mixing a solid material, called a thickener, with a base oil and property enhancing additives; but it’s the oil that forms the lubrication film. For better understanding, grease thickener can be thought of as a sponge saturated with oil. Moving parts squeeze the oil out of the sponge like thickener for forming the lubrication film. Typically, the base oil constitutes the largest proportion of grease weight at about 80-90%, followed by thickener at 10 to 20% and additives under 10%.

Dropping point of a lubricating grease is an indicator of the heat resistance of the grease. and is the temperature at which the grease is no more a thickened lubricating medium. The dropping point indicates the upper temperature limit at which a grease retains its structure, not the maximum temperature at which a grease may be used.

Few greases have the ability to regain their original structure after cooling down from the dropping point.

The most important feature of a grease is its consistency. A grease that is too stiff may not get pumped into areas requiring lubrication. While a grease that is too fluid may leak out. Grease consistency depends on the type and amount of thickener used and the viscosity of its base oil. A grease consistency is its resistance to deformation by an applied force.

The measure of consistency is called penetration. Penetration depends on whether the consistency has been altered by working. Standard test procedures established by American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM) and accepted by industry are ASTM D 217 and D 1403, measure penetration of unworked and worked greases.

The NLGI has established consistency numbers ranging from 000 to 6, corresponding to specified ranges of penetration distance of the standard cone into the test grease. Table below lists the NLGI grease classifications along with a description of the consistency of each classification.

Viscosity: It is a measure of resistance to flow of a lubricating oil.

Viscosity index: It is defined as rate of change of viscosity with respect to temperature.


  • It is the most important property which determines the performance of lubricating oils under the influence of temperature
  • A lubricating oil should have sufficient viscosity to retain a lubricating film on the surface
  • On machine part moving at slow speeds under high pressures, a high viscous oil should be used as it better resists being squeezed out from between the rubbing parts.  Light oils can be used for lower pressures and high speeds.
  • It is not possible to maintain a liquid oil film between two moving or sliding surfaces if the viscosity is too low and hence excessive wear will occur.

The pour point of an oil is the minimum temperature at which the oil turns into semi solid and almost losses its flow characteristic. At low temperatures, the viscosity of the oil will be very high, causing the oil to resist flow. This is important in equipment that operates in a cold environment or handles cold fluids.